Ôn thi vào lớp 10 tác phẩm Ánh trăng của Nguyễn Duy

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Nguyen Duy’s 10 subject exam review topics in Literature Moonlight below, compiled by Le Hong Phong High School with easy questions included in the 10 literature entrance exams, will help students have the best lessons to prepare. for the upcoming entrance exam.

Content to keep in mind

I. General overview of the author and work:

General information about the author, the work must be memorized so that you can easily get a perfect opening score.

1. Author Nguyen Duy:

– Nguyen Duy was born in 1948, birth name is Nguyen Duy Nhue, born in Thanh Hoa.

– In 1966, he joined the army, joined the Information service, participated in many battles.

– After 1975, he moved back to work as the Liberal Arts newspaper. Since 1977, Nguyen Duy has been a resident representative of Van Nghe newspaper in Ho Chi Minh City.

Nguyen Duy belongs to the generation of military poets who grew up in the resistance war against America to save the nation and became one of the typical faces.

Nguyen Duy’s poetry is close to folklore, but deeply but very talented, going deep into the meaning, the eternal love of Vietnamese people.

– In 2007, he was awarded the State Prize for Literature and Art.

– Typical works: White Sand (1973), Mother and Sister (1987), Far Road (1990), Return (1994)…

2. Moonlight poem:

a. Circumstances composing:

– The poem Moonlight was written in 1978 (3 years after the complete liberation of the South), in Ho Chi Minh City – the urban place of modern comfortable life, where those returning from the battle have died. leaving behind the arduous but meaningful battle.

– Printed in the poetry collection “Moonlight” by Nguyen Duy – a collection of poems that won the A prize of the Vietnam Writers Association in 1984.

b. Layout: 3 parts:

– The first two stanzas: The image of the moon in the past.

– The next two stanzas: The image of the moon in the present.

– The last two stanzas: the author’s feelings and thoughts before the moon.

c. Emotional circuit:

The poem is a short, concise story told in chronological order from the past to the present associated with milestones in the human situation. Following that narrative line, the emotional circuit goes from the past to the present and concludes in the “shock” at the end of the poem.

The theme of the poem Moonlight:

Through the artistic image of “Moonlight” and the poet’s emotions, the poem has expressed deep reflections on people’s attitudes towards the past of hardship and gratitude.

How did the circumstances of composing the poem Moonlight affect the theme of the poem: At that moment, how many people had experienced countless trials and hardships in the war, at that time, they had Live in close contact with nature, teammates and people. Now, after living in harmony, in the midst of better amenities… they have forgotten the past friendships. The poet wrote the poem Moonlight as a self-reminder of the old years. At the same time, it helps readers to better remember the tradition of “remembering the source when drinking water”, and the faithful love in the past.

II – The main content to grasp for the Reading Comprehension part

In this part, students need to remember the most special features of each stanza and verse in order to draw out the requirements of the topic of understanding and feeling the literature of Moonlight as well as identifying the details in the poem’s history. Use a rhetorical solution.

1. The image of the moon recorded in the past:

– When I was a child, I lived: “with the field”, “with the river”, “with the pool”.

→ The word “with” is repeated three times, further emphasizing the harmonious attachment of people to nature, with the beauties of childhood.

– “During the war in the forest” – the tough and fierce years of the war, “the moon becomes a soulmate” → The art of anthropomorphism → the moon is a close friend, confidant, and comrade. sharing the joys and sorrows in the battlefield with the soldier-poet → Marching in the middle of the night, on the difficult roads to the front, the cold night guard sessions in the forest, the nights sleeping peacefully under the dark sky, All soldiers have the moon next to them. The moon is by your side, your company, you feel the bitter cold in the “Wild Mist Forest” (Comrade), and you go through the hardships of life, you share the sweetness, the oranges and the pain; rejoicing in the joy of winning the battle, fluttering, anxious, anxious every time a soldier misses home, misses his hometown…

– “naked to nature/ as innocent as plants” → How beautiful was the moon in the past!

→ artistic association “naked with nature”, unique comparison “as innocent as plants” → shows us more clearly the idyllic, rustic, pure, very carefree, soulful beauty. nature of the moon. That was also the image of people at that time: carefree, innocent, pure.

– “don’t…forget…the moon of gratitude” → express deep affection for the moon.

The moon has been closely associated with people from childhood to adulthood, both in happiness and hardship.

⇒The moon is the beauty of an idyllic and gentle country; of the eternal, fresh, poetic nature.

The moon has not only become a confidant, but has also become a “meaningful moon” symbolizing the past of love.

To feel more clearly the moon in the past, you can see more sample essays: Feeling the first 2 stanzas of Moonlight

2. Image of the moon in the present:

– Living situation:

+ peaceful country.

+ Changing living situation: away from the simple life of the past, people live in abundance in the “mirror light” – a full, comfortable, closed life in modern, secluded rooms nature.

– “The moon passes through the alley – like an outsider crossing the street”:

+ The moon now for the soldiers of the past is now just a past, a faint memory of some distant time.

+ the solution of anthropomorphization and comparison → “Moon of gratitude” becomes “a passerby”. The moon is still “passing through the alley”, still full, still faithful and affectionate, but people have forgotten the moon, indifferent, cold, indifferent to indifference. The moon now suddenly became a stranger, no one remembers, no one knows.

→ Obviously, when changing circumstances, people can easily forget the past, can change their feelings. Talking about forgetting to remember, the poet has reflected a reality in modern society.

– Man meets the moon again in an unexpected situation:

+ Situation: power failure, dark room.

+ “Hurry up”: hurry, hurry → catch the moon

→ This is an important stanza in the structure of the whole poem. It was that sudden moment that created a turning point in the poet’s emotional circuit → The sudden appearance of the moon surprised and confused the poet, reminding him of many fond memories.

3. the author’s feelings and thoughts before the moon.

– The word “face” is used with the original meaning and the translation meaning – the moon, the face of the person – the moon and the opposite person talking to each other.

– With the position of “face up” the reader feels the silence, respect and in a moment the emotion surges when meeting the moon again: “there is something tearful”. Tears of nostalgia, of cold forgetfulness with an old friend; of an awakening conscience after days of being immersed in a dreamy world; tears of repentance for his own behavior during the past time. a little guilt, a little regret, a little bit of heartache, all made the “tears”, the sobbing in the depths of the soldier’s heart.

– And in the moment when the lyrical character looks directly at the moon – a beautiful symbol of a distant time, looking directly into his soul, many memories suddenly rush to occupy his mind. Memories of a bright childhood, of the bloody war, of the good old days gradually appeared in the flow of feelings, “like a field is a pool, like a river is a forest”. Fields, pools, rivers, forests, images that stick together in the memory of the sky.

→ The parallel structure of the two verses, the rapid rhythm and the rhetorical solutions of comparison, alliteration and listing as if to better portray the memory of the time of being in harmony with nature and the big moon deep labor, affection, trinity. It was the gentle and kind light of the moon that illuminated many dear memories, awakening many emotions that seemed to have fallen asleep in the dark corner of the soldier’s soul. The poetic simplicity and sincerity like the gentle moon, the concise and expressive voice like “there is something tearful”, the poem has touched the emotions of the reader.

– The image of “the moon is always round and round” is a symbol of the past of love, loyalty, fullness, tolerance and kindness.

– The image of “silent moonlight” has a stern reminder, a silent reproach. It was the silence of the moon that awakened people and disturbed the soul of the old soldier. Man’s “shock” before the moonlight is the awakening of character, the return to a clean and good conscience. It is a word of repentance, tormenting repentance, and beautifying people.

III. Special summary of content and art:

1. Contents:

– The poem is a self-reminder of the author about the difficult years of the soldier’s situation attached to nature, the idyllic and gentle country.

– Reminds and reinforces in readers the attitude of “drinking water, remembering the source”, faithful love to the past.

2. Art:

– Poetic form of 5 words, method of expressing narrative in combination with lyrical.

– Poetry is self-confident, deeply sincere.

The image of the moon – moonlight has many layers of meaning.

See also: the value of content and art of the poem Moonlight

Moonlight 10 entry exam questions

Some exam questions in 10 Moonlight lessons of some provinces and cities across the country:

– Literature exam on 10 Binh Thuan in 2019 has the following questions:

Read the following passages of poetry and texts and answer the questions:

“The moon is round and round”

tell me about the random person

the moonlight is silent

enough to make me shudder.”

(Excerpt from Literature 9, volume one, Vietnam Education Publishing House, 2018)

a. From which work is the above poem taken? Who is the author?

b. Identify the adverbs used in the poem.

c. What is the main idea of ​​the poem?

– The answer to the question of Literature for the 10th grade entrance exam in Ben Tre province in 2018 has the following sentence:

The moon is round and round

tell me about the random person

the moonlight is silent

enough to make me cringe.

(Nguyen Duy, Moonlight According to Literature 9, volume 1, Education Publishing House, 2005, page 156)

By understanding the poem Moonlight, let’s find out the above verse and from there, what do you think?

– The exam question on 10 An Giang 2019 has the sentence:

My feelings about the transformation of the soldier’s mind through the poem Moonlight by Nguyen Duy. What lesson did the poem teach you about private life?

– Answers to the exam questions for Grade 10 in Yen Bai province 2018 have the following sentence:

Read the following poem:

“Look up at your face

something teary

like copper is a tank

like rivers and forests.

The moon is round and round

tell me about the random person

the moonlight is silent.

enough to make me shudder.”

(Moonlight – Nguyen Duy)

Some key questions for exam review on 10 poems Moonlight

why in Nguyen Duy’s poem moonlight only capitalizes the first letter of each stanza?


Each first letter of the stanza in the poem Moonlight is capitalized to form a full-length narrative, which is also a new innovation and innovation in poetry.

The author only uses a single dot throughout the poem to create emotional continuity. emotions throughout the entire poem, without interruption or interruption.

Why does the author use moonlight in the last two poems but not the moon?

Answer: Instead of using the moon in the last stanza, Nguyen Duy used the word moonlight to add an emphasis on the content as well as the art of the poem. If in the previous stanzas, the moon is a symbol of fullness, a symbol of the past, then in the last stanza, the author uses moonlight to emphasize the ability to penetrate the soldier’s soul. , helping the soldier suddenly see his own mistakes so that he can correct and improve himself. The moon is the light that illuminates and illuminates the soldier’s soul, pulling the soldier back to the past to contemplate and see his wrongdoings in the present.

What does the tearful word in the song Moonlight tell you about the poet’s feelings?

Answer: The word “tears” evokes tears that are about to overflow, choking, sobbing. It describes the intense emotion to silence of people in the moment of facing the Moon. It is a profound feeling in the moment of facing a friend who was once a soulmate, at that time the memories of the past rushed back.

Run out of

Above is a summary of knowledge about exam preparation for 10th grade, Moonlight by Nguyen Duy that Le Hong Phong High School made, hope you will study well for the exam!

All the content you need to memorize to prepare for the 10th grade exam with Nguyen Duy’s Moonlight in the easiest way.

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