Bình giảng bài thơ Chiều tối của Hồ Chí Minh

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Bình giảng bài thơ Chiều tối của Hồ Chí Minh
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Topic: Commentary on Ho Chi Minh’s poem Evening Afternoon

Commenting on Ho Chi Minh’s poem Evening Afternoon

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I. Outline Comments on Ho Chi Minh’s poem Evening Afternoon (Standard)

1. Opening lesson

– Ho Chi Minh is not only a talented politician, a revolutionary with a progressive ideology, who paved the way and led the Vietnamese revolution to victory, but we also refer to him as a leader. Excellent writer and poet with many great contributions to Vietnamese literature.– Evening is one of Ho Chi Minh’s signature works.

2. Body

* Composing circumstances:– Evening (the grave) is poem number 31 out of 134 poems in the Diary in Prison, composed in the late autumn afternoon of 1942 when Ho Chi Minh was arrested by the Chiang Kai-shek government. imprisoned and escorted from Tinh Tay prison to Thien Bao prison…(Continued)

>> See details of Ho Chi Minh’s Evening Poetry Outline here.

II. Sample essay Binh preaching Ho Chi Minh’s Evening Poem (Standard)

Ho Chi Minh is not only a talented politician, a revolutionary with a progressive ideology, who paved the way and led the Vietnamese revolution to victory. But we also mention Uncle as an excellent writer and poet with many great contributions to Vietnamese literature, the unique feature of Uncle Ho’s poetry was once confided by Uncle that “Old poetry used to love beautiful nature. /Clouds, wind, moon, flowers, snow, mountains, rivers / Now in poetry, there is steel / Poets must also know how to volunteer. Among the 134 poems of the Prison Diary, we all notice that two elements are harmoniously combined: steel and lyrical substance hidden in each verse, representing the soldier’s soul and the soul of the soldier. The soul of the poet blends and goes hand in hand. This is shown most clearly and especially in the poem Evening Afternoon, in which we see a soldier’s soul converging many beauty. Love of nature, love of life and especially the spirit of optimism, the will to overcome all the harsh difficulties of life in prison and hardship are expressed deeply and subtly.

Evening Afternoon (Tomb) is poem number 31 out of 134 poems in Prison Diary, composed in the late autumn afternoon of 1942 when Ho Chi Minh was arrested and escorted from prison by Chiang Kai-shek’s government. Tinh Tay went to Thien Bao prison. The poem is written in the form of a seven-word verse, the content expresses the poet’s feelings in the harsh conditions of imprisonment, typical of Ho Chi Minh’s lyrical style, using the poetic style of depicting the allegorical scene. Through the surrounding scenery to reveal the deep feelings in the soul.

The poem was born in a very special situation, that is, the evening scene of a prisoner being escorted for a long distance, a time when the day’s torments have not passed and the night’s hardships. upcoming evening. However, reading the whole poem, deeply feeling absolutely not a word of lament, one only sees a peaceful and quiet evening, seeing the scene of people working full of life and a poetic soul. cavalier, self-optimistic, life-loving, always oriented towards life.

“Tired birds go to the forest to find a place to sleep Clouds drift slightly in the middle of the air”

It can be said that the time of “evening” has become a very classic and familiar poem in ancient and modern poetry, in that poem it is the late afternoon time, when the shadow of the sunset has disappeared, only remaining darkness, stillness and silence. However, there is a very special point that it seems that Ho Chi Minh did not use a single word to describe the evening scene, but the end of the day kept appearing in front of the readers’ eyes in a clear and distinctive way. This has shown very clearly the classical style in ancient poetry, “the shallow circuit, the hidden meaning”, the poetic ideas are almost only suggested, but few poets express it directly, in order to avoid losing their interest. the discreet and concise look of the work. In the evening, the sunset scene was suggested by the author with two main sketches, the first is the image of a bird’s wings in the verse “The tired bird goes to the forest to find a place to sleep”, in this drawing there is a mixture of Classic and modern colors. Classic in that the bird’s wings, which are familiar poetic materials, still appear in many poetic works, Uncle Ho’s poetry has a hint of Tang Thi flavor, bird wings and sunset combine to create a shadow, lacking Going to the bird’s wings, it seems that the evening shadow is not clear. Some examples of bird wings and evening shadows can be mentioned in Ba Huyen Thanh Quan’s poem “Thousands of morning winds blow away tired birds / Miles of dew willows and guests step up”, or in Nguyen Du’s poem “The birds of the day come back. forest / My tea has half-rimmed mirror”, or in Xuan Dieu’s new poem there is a sentence “Birds hear the sky widening their wings / Flowers are cold in the afternoon, the dew drops gradually”, or in Huy Can’s poem there is a very beautiful sentence “Birds.” little wing in the evening shadow”. From the bird’s wings suggesting the evening scene, as mentioned, this is also a very classic poem, a time when it is easy to evoke emotions from the depths of the soul, people seem to stop all changes. The transition of the external environment towards the inner part of the soul, being sad, happy, contemplating, and confiding in almost every evening scene, is even easier to express. Especially for foreign travelers, the sadness of missing their homeland and homesickness is even more evident, which is extremely suitable for the situation of President Ho Chi Minh at that time. But the special thing in Uncle Ho’s poetry is the modern and classical features in his poetry, which is a very new creation, different from the old poetry, the image of bird wings often evokes distance, separation, and adventure like Ly’s poetry. Bach has the sentence “They are high and flying”, or Lieu Phi Nguyen has the sentence “Thien Son bird is high and flying”. In Uncle Ho’s poetry, the image of a bird’s wings is not uncertain, but has a clear direction with a clear stop “to the forest to find a place to sleep”, Uncle has brought the bird’s wings from the metaphysical world to the real world. In addition, bird wings in ancient poetry are often only described in the outer state of movement, in Uncle Ho’s poetry, the bird’s wings are also felt in the inner state of movement, the bird’s wings are tired. That comes from the similarity with Uncle Ho’s plight and Uncle Ho’s boundless love for the scenery in the world. The bird’s wings also evoke contrasting associations with Uncle Ho’s plight, although the bird is tired, it still has the freedom to fly, have a nest to return to, and Uncle is shackled and chained, and has no place to wait. waiting, waiting for Uncle Ho are just damp, dirty prisons, evoking painful emotions for the author’s plight.

The second drawing is the image of a lonely cloud floating in the air, the classic color shown in that it is also a symbolic symbolic image often appearing in old poetry, such as Ly Bach’s sentence. “She is lonely in the past”, or in Nguyen Khuyen’s Autumn Fishing “The clouds are floating in the blue sky”. The image of the cloud that appears is usually a lonely cloud floating in the sky, evoking freedom, high and high drifting without dust, evoking human anxiety before nothingness. In addition, the classic colors are also expressed in the two words “romantic”, both evoking the mood of the scene and evoking the poet’s leisurely and leisurely demeanor in front of the natural scene. The modernity in this image expressed by the lonely loneliness of the cloud is emphasized by the cloud floating in the middle of the sky, evoking similar associations with the author’s situation, uncertain and disorienting. direction. Thus, through two verses, we can see that this is not just a picture of the natural surroundings, but also a picture of the poet’s soul, subtly evoked by the pen of describing the scene. love, combining classical and modern elements in poetry in a unique and poignant way. From there, we can see the loneliness and fatigue of the prisoner, at the same time see the earnest love of nature of a poet, and the resilient bravery of a revolutionary soldier.

“The little girl from the mountain village grinds corn in the evening Grinding all the charcoal furnaces is already pink”

If the first two verses are a picture of nature in the evening, the last two sentences are a picture of people’s daily lives. It can be seen that in the poem there is a very clear transition of emotions and scenes, from a conventional and symbolic picture of nature to a picture of daily life with the appearance of very close and true human life. From the cold, wild forest space to the warm village space, it is finally the time transition from afternoon to evening. The image of the person that appears to be the center of the poem and of the whole picture is the image of a young girl from the mountain village grinding corn, if viewed objectively, this image is inherently nothing special, but extremely simple. , everyday life. However, in the context of literature and art, the image of a girl grinding corn is simple, but she radiates a strange and brilliant light. It is a combination of youthful beauty, full of vitality, the beauty of everyday, simple work, with modern features, when the woman is not like in the old poetry “smoothly and with curtains”. but instead they are immersed in the work of labor, can use their energy to create wealth, not have to depend on others. Finally, the most prominent and new is the beauty of Ho Chi Minh’s progressive and unique aesthetic point of view, the relationship between man and nature, if in ancient poetry man appeared in nature. always has a small stature, lonely, lost, carrying in me the melancholy, nostalgia with nature. However, in Uncle Ho’s poetry, even though the mountains and forests are deserted and vast, the image of people in labor still shows up sharply and becomes the center of the whole poem, nature becomes a prominent background. pop up the image of human activities, labor and beauty, it can be said that the position of man and nature in Uncle Ho’s poetry is balanced and harmonized with each other.

The image of life emerges through vivid drawings that harmoniously combine classic materials and modern colors. The classic drawing here is the brushstroke that uses light to highlight the dark, which is the image of “the brazier has turned pink”, it can be seen that it is the black night outside that highlights the pink color. of the coals in the fire, and it was the glow of the coals that suggested the scene of the night falling, no longer the gray color at dusk but here when it was completely dark. Thus, the author did not use direct words to describe the darkness, but only the two words “flaming” were enough to paint a dark night, which is a feature in classical poetry. Modern drawings are also discovered from the photo of a glowing brazier, the word “pink” at the end of the poem is considered the label of the whole poem, with only one word, but it has gained weight in itself. equals the first 27 letters. It can be seen that in all the first 27 letters, we always think of a cold, desolate space, the appearance of human life is still not enough to dispel the loneliness of the night, only when the “” The hearth” of the brazier lights up, one feels warmer, the whole poem seems to be filled with a layer of vitality, a new emotion that is the warmth of the brazier and the warmth of human love. With just that one word “pink”, people move from a lonely and lost state to the feeling of being reunited and reunited with the family by the fire, peaceful and extremely warm, and at the same time moving from sadness and fear. The sadness in the poet’s soul becomes the joy that shines in the soul. That is the positive outlook on life, the world view of a revolutionary soldier, who always directs his soul to light, faith and hope, always catching the light in the extremely dark skies. It is this that has shown an extremely valuable quality of Uncle Ho, which has been shown in many other works, that is the spirit of optimism, love of life, willingness to overcome all difficulties and hardships. turning hardship into joy, turning ordinary and simple things into a solid spiritual fulcrum.


Afternoon is one of the most typical poems in Ho Chi Minh’s collection of poems “Diary in Prison”, learning about the poem the children after studying Comments on Ho Chi Minh’s poem Evening in the evening, they can learn about the poem. You can refer to some other sample essays in good essays in grade 11 such as: The great beauty of the soul of the artist Ho Chi Minh through the poem Evening Afternoon, Analysis of the picture of human life in the work Evening Afternoon. , Feeling about the poem Evening Afternoon, Analysis of the poem Evening Afternoon.

Posted by: Le Hong Phong High School

Category: Education

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