[ADJ Phrase] 150+ Cụm tính từ trong tiếng anh thông dụng nhất

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[ADJ Phrase] 150+ Cụm tính từ trong tiếng anh thông dụng nhất
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Adjectives and adjective phrases in English play the role of making sentences richer and more meaningful. Especially when you want to describe in detail or express an opinion or attitude about a specific person, thing, or event. In this lesson, Kênh Văn Hay will help you better understand the function and value of adjective phrases in English.

Structure – How to arrange adjective phrases in English

What are adjective phrases in English? Similar to Vietnamese grammar, an adjective phrase is a group of words used to describe a noun or pronoun. Adjectives in an adjective phrase can appear at the beginning, end, or middle of the phrase. However, the common point of an adjective phrase is that the main part is an adjective and the auxiliary part is a complement or complement.

The structure of the adjective phrase: The preceding sub-part + The adjective + The central sub-part + The following sub-part, in which:

Subjunctive: usually a verb, may or may not be present.

Adjectives: can have 1 or more adjectives, adjectives can be in the same group (Opinion, Size, …)

Central subjunctive: usually a conjunction (and, but,…), may or may not be present.

The following appendix: usually a noun, a pronoun, may or may not be.

For example:

1. A person smarter than me needs to figure this out.

(Someone smarter than me needs to figure this out).

2. Mom said the cost of a car is way too high.

(Mother said the cost of the car was too high.)

3. Faster than a speeding bullet, Superman saved the day.

Faster than a speed bullet, Superman saved the day.

4. The final exams were unbelievably difficult.

(The final exam is unbelievably hard.)

5. That complex has quite small but cheap apartments.

(That complex has quite small but cheap apartments).

Function & Position of adjective phrases in English

In English, adjective phrases have many functions and can stand in different positions to make sentences and paragraphs meaningful. Below are the main functions and positions of adjective phrases.

The function of the adjective phrase

As mentioned, adjective phrases play the role of making sentences and articles richer. Specifically, they have 2 main functions:

Complement for nouns

In sentences, adjectives usually come before a noun to modify the word. They provide information about the characteristics, properties, and status of nouns referring to people, things, and events being talked about.

Example: I really wanted to paint the living room a deep eggplant shade of purple.

(I really wanted to paint the living room dark purple).

As a predicate in a sentence

An adjective phrase often acts as a predicate in a sentence when it comes after a linking verb such as: tobe, seem, like, hate, feel, etc. Between adjectives there can be conjunctions for more detailed description such as and , but,…

Example: A dog covered in sticky and disgusting mud makes a mess in a car.

(A dog covered in sticky and disgusting mud messed up in the car.)

3 Position of the adjective phrase

In a sentence, the adjective phrase can stand in 3 different positions to modify the whole sentence.

Adjective phrases before nouns

Example: I love the taste of a sweet juicy peach.

(I like the taste of the juicy sweet peach).

After the noun

Example: She is the chief pediatric surgeon at the institute.

(She is the institute’s chief pediatric surgeon.)

After the verb

Example: The cost of the car was quite affordable.

(The price of the car is quite affordable).

150+ most common English adjective phrases

In this section, Kênh Văn Hay will help you to total more than 150+ adjective phrases with commonly used prepositions in writing to help you increase your skill points and communicate easily.

Adjective phrases with preposition ABOUT

STT

Adjective phrase

Meaning

first

To be sorry about st

to regret, to regret something

2

To be curious about st

Curious about what?

3

To be doubfut about st

skeptical about something

4

To be enthusiastic about st

excited about what?

5

To be reluctan about st (or to ) st

hesitating, eager for something

6

To be uneasy about st

uncomfortable

Adjective phrases with the preposition FOR

STT

Adjective phrase

Meaning

7

Anxious for, about

worry

8

Bad for

bad for

9

Good for

good for

ten

Convenient for

facilitate…

11

Difficult for

difficult…

twelfth

Late for

late…

13

Liable for sth

legally responsible

14

Dangerous for

danger…

15

Famous for

famous

16

Fit for

suitable with

17

Well-known for

famous

18

Greedy for

greed…

19

Good for

good for

20

Grateful for sth

grateful for…

21

Helpful / useful for

useful / beneficial

22

Necessary for

necessary

23

Perfect for

perfect

24

Prepare for

prepare for

25

Qualified for

qualified

26

Ready for sth

ready for what?

27

Responsible for sth

responsible for what?

28

Suitable for

fit

29

Sorry for

sorry / sorry for

Adjective phrases with preposition FROM

STT

Adjective phrase

Meaning

30

To borrow from sb/st

borrowed from someone/something

thirty first

To demand st from sb

What do you ask of someone?

32

To demiss sb from st

dismiss someone

33

To miss sb/st from

disband what?

34

To draw st from st

withdraw what?

35

To emerge from st

pop up what?

36

To escape from ..

come out of what?

37

To himder sb from st = To prevent st from

prevent someone from what?

38

To protect sb /st from

protect someone / tell about something

39

To prohibit sb from doing st

Forbid anyone to do anything

40

To separate st/sb from st/sb

separate something from something / separate someone from someone

41

To suffer from

endure suffering

42

To be away from st/sb

away from something /who

43

To be different from st

different about what?

44

To be far from sb/st

away from someone/something

45

To be safe from st

safe in what?

forty six

To borrow from sb/st

borrowed from someone/something

47

To be resulting from st do

what results?

Adjective phrases with preposition IN

STT

Adjective phrase

Meaning

48

To beliveve in st/sb

what/in whom to trust?

49

To delight in st

excited about what?

50

To employ in st

used about what

51

To encourage sb in st

encourage someone to do something

52

To discourage sb in st

discourage anyone?

53

To be engaged in st

participate, get involved

54

To be experienced in st

experienced in what?

55

To help sb in st

Who do you help?

56

To include st in st

what to include what?

57

To indulge in st

immersed in something?

58

To instruct sb in st

instruct someone what to do

59

To be interested in st /doing st

interested in something/what?

60

To invest in st

what to invest in what?

sixty one

To involed in st

stick to something?

62

To persist in st

Persevere in what?

63

To share in st

what to share?

sixty four

To share st with sb in st

What do you share with someone?

65

To be deficient in health

what is missing?

66

To be fortunate in st

good luck in something

sixty seven

To be honest in st /sb

be honest with what?

68

To be enter in st

participate in what?

69

To be weak in st

weak in what?

Adjective phrases with preposition ON

STT

Adjective phrase

Meaning

70

To be dependent on st/sb

to depend on something/on whom

71

To be intent on st

focus your mind on what?

72

To be keen on st

love what?

Adjective phrases with the preposition OF

STT

Adjective phrase

Meaning

seventy three

Ashmed of

ashamed of…

74

Afraid of

afraid, apprehensive…

75

Ahead of

before

76

Aware of

awareness

77

Capable of

ability

78

Confidential of

trust

79

Double of

suspect

80

Fond of

prefer

81

Full of

full

82

Hopeful of

hope

83

Independent of

independence

84

Nervous of

worry

85

Proud of

proud

eighty six

Jealous of

jealous of

eighty seven

Guilty of

guilty about, guilty

88

Sick of

depressed about

89

Scare of

scared

90

Suspicious of

doubt about

91

Joyful of

excited about

92

Quick of

come quickly, hurry

93

Tired of

tired

ninety four

Terrified of

scared about

Adjective phrases with preposition TO

STT

Adjective phrase

Meaning

95

Able to

maybe

96

Acceptable to

acceptable

97

Accustomed to

familiar with

98

Agreeable to

can agree

99

Addicted to

passion

100

Available to sb

available to whom?

101

Delightfull to sb

interesting to whom?

102

Familiar to sb

familiar to whom?

103

Clear to

clear

104

Contrary to

opposite, opposite

105

Equal to

equivalent to

106

Exposed to

expose, reveal

107

Favorite to

agree, support

108

Grateful to sb

thank you

109

Harmful to sb (for sth)

harmful to someone (for something)

110

Important to

important

111

Identical to sb

the same

112

Kind to

kind

113

Likely to

maybe

114

Lucky to

lucky

115

Liable to

is likely to be

116

Necessary to sth/sb

necessary for what / for whom

117

Next to

next

118

Open to

open

119

Pleasant to

satisfied

120

Preferable to

more likeable

121

Profitable to

helpful

122

Responsible to sb

responsible to whom?

123

Rude to

rude, gruff

124

Similar to

similar, similar

125

Useful to sb

useful to whom?

126

Willing to

willing

Adjective phrases with preposition WITH

STT

Adjective phrase

Meaning

127

To angry with sb

angry at someone

128

To be busy with st

busy with what?

129

To be consistent with st

persistently loyal to something

130

To be content with st

satisfied with what?

131

To be familiar (to/with ) st

get used to what?

132

To be crowded with

full, crowded

133

To be patient with st

Persevere with something

134

To be impressed with/by

impressed / touched by

135

To be popular with

familiar popular

Exercises with adjectives in English

General knowledge about the function and structure of the above adjective phrase has helped you learn to better understand this phrase. Now, let’s practice with Kênh Văn Hay with some basic forms!

Exercise 1: Identify the adjective phrases in the following sentences

1. Have you ever seen an elephant with a white skin?

2. He was wearing a crown made of gold.

3. There I met a girl with blue eyes.

4. Wild beasts in small cages are a sorry sight.

5. A man with a long beard came to see me.

6. We visited many villages without any inhabitants.

7. A friend in need is a friend indeed.

8. A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.

9. He was a young man of great promise.

10. In a low voice, he narrated the tale of his adventures.

Lesson 2: Determine what the auxiliary is in the bolded adjective phrase (adverb, prepositional phrase, clause)

1. John is fond of Mary.

2. Everest is a very high mountain.

3. He is nicer than she is.

4. The pizza looks very delicious.

5. He was overly enthusiastic.

6. I bought a tapestry stitched by hand.

7. The movie was terribly long.

8. He was upset about the exam.

9. It is a pretty confusing situation.

10. She is smarter than you described.

Exercise 3: In each of the following sentences, replace the adjective in bold with an adjective phrase with a similar meaning

1. The King wore a golden crown.

2. It is a white elephant.

3. He lived in a stone house.

4. There was an earthen pot on the table.

5. She wore a diamond necklace.

6. Much has been said about the Swiss scenery.

7. The Spanish flag flew at the top of the mast.

8. That was a brave act.

9. It was a horrible night.

10. Heroic deeds are worthy of admiration.

11. They went by Siberian railway.

12. I have passed several sleepless nights.

Answers to exercises

Lesson 1:

1. with a white skin

2. made of gold

3. with blue eyes

4. in small cages

5. with a long beard

6. without any inhabitants

7. in need

8. in the hand – in the bush

9. of great promise

10. of his adventures

Lesson 2:

1. prepositional phrase

2. adverb

3. clause

4. adverb

5. adverb

6. prepositional phrase

7. adverb

8. prepositional phrase

9. adverb

10. clause

Lesson 3:

1. made of gold

2. with a white skin

3. built of stone

4. made of earth

5. made of diamond

6. scenery of Switzerland

7. The flag of Spain

8. act of bravery

9. full of horror

10. Deeds of heroism

11. running through Siberia

12. without sleep

Above is a summary of grammar and exercises on adjective phrases in English. Please read carefully and practice the exercises to memorize the knowledge!

Study well!

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